- Posted by Marina
Cocoa growers from different regions of the country are seeking training to increase productivity using technology developed by the Executive Committee of the Cocoa Crop Plan (CEPLAC). The goal of cocoa growers is to reach the production of 500 arrobas of cocoa per hectare.
The average is set by the 500 @ Program - High Productivity Cocoa Technology, developed based on technologies generated by the CEPEC Cocoa Research Center and brought to the cocoa producer by technicians from CEPLAC's CENEX Extension Center. The technology transfer methodology is made through the formation of groups of producers in the municipalities of southern Bahia, who are practicing the teachings on their farms and gradually increasing their cocoa production.
The results achieved in the project were presented at the High Productivity Cocoa Technology seminar, held last Tuesday (20), at the Cocoa Research Center (CEPEC) at CEPLAC Regional Headquarters in Bahia. Participation in the event exceeded the expectations of the organizers. Initially planned for 300 participants, the event registered the registration of 764 cocoa producers from 36 municipalities in the cocoa region of Bahia, as well as caravan participants from other states, such as Pará and Espírito Santo.
The lectures presented were divided into four major themes: New Technological Knowledge for High Productivity Cocoa, Collective Technical Assistance, Applied Technology for High Productivity Cocoa and Protagonism of the Rural Producer. At the event, four producers participating in the Cacau 500 @ program, presented results obtained and productivity evolution.
Producer Marcos Melo, from Fazenda Rio Doce, in the municipality of Canavieiras, is one of the participants that was able to significantly increase productivity. At the seminar, he showed how he surpassed the 500 arroba cacao mark per hectare, powered by CEPLAC. Producer José Carlos Maltez, from Fazenda Limoeiro, also a participant in CEPLAC's high productivity program, showed production data of over 200 arrobas per hectare obtained from the Cabruca system, cocoa planted under forest, with preservation of water, fauna and flora sources. .
Farmers Paulo Gleig and young cocoa farmer Tiago Machado, who have already broken the 200 cocoa per hectare barrier and continue to move towards 500 arrobas per hectare, also presented data on increased productivity on their farms.
One of the lectures that attracted a lot of attention from the participants was about the new pollination technologies of cacao, especially the pollination made by efficient blower machine, adapted by CEPLAC researcher Kazuiyuki Nakayama, to replace the manual pollination work.
In the discussions, other producers expressed interest in engaging in the Cocoa 500 @ program. The audience, mostly young men and women, children and grandsons of growers, also expressed interest in entering the cocoa production activity, with the desire to look for CEPLAC to do their cultivation projects, to participate in the high school program. productivity and ensure the monitoring of technical assistance and rural extension of the Ministry of Agriculture body.
Another concern revealed by the producers was about the security of their investments in cocoa farming in relation to the threat of the entry of moniliasis disease in Brazil, with high destructive power of the crop, and what is being done in a preventive and genetic defense way.
CEPLAC technicians reported that the institution has been studying for more than five years the production of resistant clones, collaborating with countries that research the disease and that the preventive work is done by MAPA and the governments of the states where cocoa is grown.Agreements are being made with research institutions in Ecuador and Peru to test selected Brazilian materials for disease resistance in moniliasis infested areas in these countries.
The event organizers were delighted with the response given to the event by the producers, will distribute videos with the content of the lectures and will schedule new seminars with themes that arouse interest and meet the needs of cocoa producers.