In India, Bolsonaro will discuss ethanol security

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The President of the Republic, Jair Bolsonaro, will travel to India later this week with the forecast of signing at least 12 trade agreements. The objective of the delegation is to deepen relations between Brazil and the second most populous country in the world - with 1.3 billion inhabitants.

Bolsonaro is the guest of honor of Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the Anniversary of the Republic of India ceremony - the most important event in the country - and should stay out of Brazil between 24 and 27 January. "One of the central points of the visit is the approval of an action plan to strengthen the partnership, which will allow mapping and stimulating the achievement of the objectives (of the two countries)", said diplomat Reinaldo Salgado, secretary of bilateral negotiations in Asia, Pacific and Russia Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Agreements will be signed in the areas of tax, investment, agribusiness, energy, cyber security and health. With four billion inhabitants, Asia comprises 65% of the world population and is the main destination for Brazilian exports. "There is a lot of potential to be explored (in the region) and an example is India", he reinforced. Estimates indicate that India will have the largest population in the world by 2030 and the country has grown in recent years at rates above 7%. "It is a country with which we have a trade of just US $ 7 billion. There is clearly something to be improved," he acknowledged.

The possibility of a visa waiver for Indians to enter Brazil - suggested by the president and appreciated by India - should not be concluded on this trip. "It is in the process of analysis. I am not sure that this analysis can be completed before the visit," Reinaldo Salgado informed last Friday, at an event at Itamaraty.


Cooperation in the field of bioenergy - especially ethanol - is one of the main topics of this trip. The Indians intend to direct part of the production of cane - which today turns into sugar - to increase the percentage of alcohol in gasoline.

Today, this mixture is no more than 7%. The goal is to reach 10% by 2022 and 20% by 2030. "We are going to take the Brazilian experience, the lessons learned and the benefits we have had over 40 years to the actors involved in this area in India - from the government, from the industry of automobiles, of the oil segment, so that they can be clear on how to overcome the challenges ", explains Eduardo Leão, executive director of the Sugarcane Industry Union (Unica), the main association of mills in the country.

The measure is of interest to the Brazilian capital goods industry, which may help in the construction of new distilleries in India. Exporters of beans, chicken and pork and cattle farmers will also be on Indian soil with the delegation. Rivaldo Machado Borges Júnior, president of the Brazilian Association of Zebu Breeders (ABCZ), one of the main entities in the sector, says he will sign a technical cooperation agreement with the government to develop dairy farming in India. "With this approach, we want to expand the trade in genetic material", he says.

India is the birthplace of zebu - a bovine lineage of breeds such as Nellore, Gir and Gujarati, well adapted to the Brazilian climate. This type of animal accounts for 80% of the national herd. "The only thing we need to better serve India is to organize ourselves. India needs our product and we need a customer like India to import", sums up Marcelo Luders, president of the Brazilian Institute of Beans and Pulses (Ibrafe).

In 2019, Brazil exported 165 thousand tons of beans of nine varieties to 80 countries. Revenue was US $ 111 million.

Who will

The delegation includes ministers Ernesto Araújo (Foreign Affairs), Tereza Cristina (Agriculture), Bento Albuquerque (Mines and Energy), Marcos Pontes (Science and Technology), Osmar Terra (Citizenship) and Augusto Heleno, head of the Institutional Security Office.


Among the planned activities, President Jair Bolsonaro should visit the memorial of pacifist leader Mahatma Ghandi, have lunch with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and have dinner with the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, on his first day. On the 26th, he will participate in the Anniversary of the Republic of India and on the second, on the 27th, he will participate in panels on bioenergy, oil and gas, as well as events on innovation, investment facilitation and defense.

Source: Notícias Agrícolas