China has the avian influenza outbreak

Posted by Marina

China reported on Sunday (02) an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu in central Hunan province, near the epicenter of the new coronavirus that caused 304 deaths and paralyzed the country, said in a statement the "Agency Brazil," based on information " RTP - public Broadcaster television Portugal ". 

The outbreak occurred on a farm in Shuangqing District, Shaoyang City and killed 4,500 of 7,850 chickens from the property. Local authorities slaughtered 17,828 other nearby birds after the outbreak, according to a statement from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China.

There were no reported cases of human infection with the H5N1 virus in Hunan. The outbreak comes as the Chinese authorities try to curb the spread of a new coronavirus that caused 304 deaths and more than 14,000 infected in the country, which was first detected last December in Wuhan, capital of Hubei province, bordering Hunan.

Bird flu causes severe respiratory disease in birds and is contagious among humans. The virus was first detected in 1996 in geese in China and is lethal to birds.

The possibility of transmission of avian influenza among humans is low, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Most human infections with H1N5 comes after prolonged and close contact with infected birds.

However, bird flu has a mortality rate of 50%, well above the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), also known as atypical pneumonia, which has a 10% mortality rate, or the new coronavirus that It has a rate of 2% so far.

Between 2003 and 2019, WHO reported a total of 861 confirmed cases of H5N1 in humans worldwide, of which 455 died. In China, there were 53 human cases of avian influenza infection, in the last 16 years, and a total of 31 dead. The new coronavirus today caused the first death outside China, a Chinese Wuhan who was in the Philippines.

In addition to the mainland of China and the Chinese regions of Macau and Hong Kong, there are cases of infection confirmed in 24 other countries, with new notifications in Russia, Sweden and Spain.

International emergency

In last Thursday (30), WHO declared a state of public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC, the English acronym) because of the outbreak of the new coronavirus in China.

Several countries, including Portugal, have already made the repatriation of its citizens from Wuhan, a city that has 11 million inhabitants and which was placed under quarantine last week, with outputs and inputs interdicted by the authorities for an indefinite period.

In recent days, various airlines have suspended flights to China. Russia, North Korea and Vietnam have closed their borders with the country, while some countries have stopped issuing visas to Chinese citizens.