- Posted by Marina
The Brazilian agricultural harvest reached a record production value of R $ 361 billion in 2019, an increase of 5.1% compared to the performance registered in the previous year. The data are from the 2019 Municipal Agricultural Production (PAM) survey, released today by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
"The good results achieved in the last harvests, combined with the compensating prices of the main commodities, due to the high demand in the international market and the favorable exchange rate, contributed to the expansion of the planted areas of soy, corn and cotton, in addition to greater investments in agricultural crops ", justified the IBGE, in a note. "Added to this, positive climatic factors, mainly in the 2nd harvest, taken to the field, largely, in the ideal sowing period, collaborated for the good development of the grains", added the institute, which observed: "The results achieved could have even better, were it not for the fall in yield of crops such as soybeans, beans and corn 1st crop in regions of the states of Paraná, São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul, due to dry periods between the months of December and January ".
Soy production totaled R $ 125.6 billion in 2019, remaining in the first position in the ranking of the value of national agricultural production, despite the retraction of 1.8% in relation to the performance of 2018.
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Subsequently, sugarcane totaled R $ 54.7 billion, an increase of 5.3% compared to the previous year, while corn yielded R $ 47.6 billion, a 26.3% increase compared to 2018.
Coffee totaled R $ 17.6 billion, a drop of 22.0%. Herbaceous cotton (seed) grew by 24.8% in the value of production, a record of R $ 16 billion.
The other five crops in the ranking of highest production values were orange (R $ 9.5 billion, up 0.7% from 2018); cassava (R $ 8.8 billion, down 11.5%); paddy rice (R $ 8.8 billion, up 0.8%); banana in bunch (R $ 7.5 billion, 8.2% increase); and beans in grain (R $ 7.5 billion, up 33.6%).
The 10 crops represented 84.1% of the total value generated by agricultural activity in the country.
The record grain harvest of 2019 totaled 243.3 million tons, exceeding production by 6.8% in 2018. Farmers planted 81.2 million hectares, an expansion of 3.3% over the previous year, with emphasis on the addition of more than 1.2 million hectares for the cultivation of corn and 1.1 million hectares of soy.
Mato Grosso, the largest national producer of soy and corn, was elevated to the first position in the ranking of value of agricultural production in 2019, with 16.2% of the national total, ahead of São Paulo, with 15.4% of participation , which stood out in the cultivation of sugar cane. Rio Grande do Sul, the largest national producer of rice and the second of soybeans, was in the third position, with 11.3%, followed by Paraná, with participation of 11.2%.
Source: Notícias Agrícolas