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Ministry of Agriculture confirms classical swine fever in Piauí

Posted by Marina
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA) confirmed on Monday (05) an outbreak of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in Piauí, informs "Agência Brasil". The diagnosis was confirmed by the Federal Agricultural Defense Laboratory in Pedro Leopoldo (MG), using a molecular diagnostic technique (RT-PCR in Real Time).

The case occurred in the municipality of Parnaíba, in the north of the state, in a pig farm for subsistence. According to the ministry, the state is located outside the zone recognized as CSF-free by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).

“The occurrence has already been notified by the Ministry to the OIE and there is no justification for restrictions on international trade in pigs and their products. The last CSF outbreak in Piauí was closed in November 2019 ”, said the folder through a note.

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The ministry also informed that the property where the focus of the disease was identified has been banned and the state veterinary service is adopting the procedures determined by the folder to eliminate the outbreak, including sacrificing the pigs and disinfecting the affected property, in addition to investigations for tracking probable origin and epidemiological links.

Classical Swine Fever

Classical Swine Fever (CSF), also known as swine fever or pig cholera, is a highly contagious viral disease that affects only pigs and wild boars. It poses no risk to human health and has no impact on public health.

The state of Piauí is part of the zone not recognized as free of CSF, along with 10 other states (AL, AM, RR, PA, AP, MA, CE, RN, PB, PE). The boundaries between the free and non-free zones of CSF are protected by natural barriers and checkpoints, where surveillance and risk mitigation procedures to prevent the introduction of the disease are adopted continuously.

Brazil's CSF free zone concentrates more than 95% of the entire Brazilian pig industry. All Brazilian pig exports and their products come from the free zone, which includes 15 Brazilian states and the Federal District (RS, SC, PR, MG, SP, MS, MT, GO, DF, RJ, ES, BA, SE , TO, RO and AC), and has not recorded the occurrence of CSF disease since January 1998.