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IBGE points record soybean crop


Image: Pixabay



The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) released, on Thursday (8), the organ's projection for the 2020/21 grain harvest. According to the data, Brazilian production should reach 264.9 million tons, 4.2% or 10.7 million tons above that obtained in 2020 (254.1 million tons). The projection for March is 0.7% higher than in February, with an additional 1.7 million tons.
The Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production (LSPA) points out that the area to be harvested is 67.7 million hectares, 3.5% (2.3 million hectares) greater than that of 2020 and 1.1% (766 , 4 thousand hectares) higher than the forecast in the previous month.

Rice, corn and soybeans, the three main products in this group, together account for 92.9% of the production estimate and occupy 87.9% of the area to be harvested. In relation to 2020, there were increases of 5.1% in the corn area (3.0% in the first harvest and 5.9% in the second) and 4.1% in the soy area. But there were declines in the area of ​​herbaceous cotton (-12.0%) and rice (-0.1%).

Grain performance

For soybeans, the production estimate hit a new record: 131.8 million tons, an increase of 8.5% compared to 2020. In March, there were adjustments in the production estimates in several states, especially the growth of 1.8% in Mato Grosso, 2.2% in Goiás, 1.2% in Bahia, 2.8% in Minas Gerais, 0.7% in Rio Grande do Sul and 14.2% in the Pará. The Rio Grande do Sul harvest is recovering from the problems caused by the drought in 2020 and is growing by 74.0%, returning to normal levels. Some important producers show a drop in the average yield of crops, due to climatic issues, as is the case of Mato Grosso (-3.6%), Paraná (-5.0%), Goiás (-4.0%) and São Paulo (-5.4%).

For corn, a 0.2% drop in production is expected (4.4% less in the first harvest and 1.3% more in the second), reaching 103.0 million tons. In the first harvest, production was estimated at 25.4 million tons. The most intense falls were observed in Goiás (-5.9%), Distrito Federal (-11.1%), Santa Catarina (-20.3%), Rio Grande do Norte (-9.6%), Paraná ( -3.1%), and Mato Grosso do Sul (-3.3%). In relation to 2020, there was a decrease of 7.1% in the average yield (5,048 kg / ha).

For the 2nd harvest, the production estimate was 77.6 million tons. The largest producers of 2nd harvest corn, in 2021, should be Mato Grosso, with 33.2 million tons and a 42.7% share in the national total; Paraná, with 13.4 million tons and 17.2% share in the national total. Mato Grosso do Sul, with a production of 10.0 million tons, and Goiás, with 9.7 million tons, should participate with 12.9% and 12.4% of national production, respectively.

For rice, 11.1 million tons are estimated, an increase of 0.2%. This production must be sufficient to supply the Brazilian domestic market. Rio Grande do Sul is responsible for 70.3% of the national production and should produce 7.7 million tons, an increase of 1.3% in relation to the previous month, but a decrease of 0.8% in relation to 2020. Already Santa Catarina's production, of 1.2 million tons, should decline 4.8% in relation to 2020.

In beans it should be 3.0 million tons, an estimate 2.6% higher than that of February. The area to be harvested, of 2.8 million hectares, increased 2.5% and the average yield, of 1,094 kg / ha, increased 0.1% in the month. Paraná (24.7%), Minas Gerais (18.4%), Goiás (10.6%), Mato Grosso (7.7%), São Paulo (6.9%), Bahia (6.6%) and Ceará (3.9%) have the largest share in this production.

The 1st bean crop, which accounts for 41.4% of production, was estimated at 1.3 million tons, up 0.8% compared to February's estimate. The 2nd bean crop, which accounts for 40.0% of the total, was estimated at 1.2 million 210.7 thousand tons, an increase of 5.0% compared to the February estimate. Regarding the 3rd bean crop, the production estimate was 563.0 thousand tons, an increase of 1.7% compared to the previous forecast.



By regions


By region, the Midwest leads the harvest with a 45.5% share. In second place is the South region, with 31.4%. Following is the Southeast (10.1%), Northeast (8.8%) and North (4.2%). By State, Mato Grosso leads, with a 27.2% share, followed by Paraná (15.8%), Rio Grande do Sul (13.3%), Goiás (9.7%), Mato Grosso do Sul ( 8.3%) and Minas Gerais (6.4%), which together accounted for 80.7% of the national total.

Winter cereals

The main winter cereals produced in Brazil are wheat, white oats and barley. The estimate for wheat production was 7.3 million tons, an increase of 16.9% in relation to the previous year, with the average yield expected to increase by 17.6%.

The South region is expected to account for 88.9% of the national wheat production in 2021. In Paraná, the largest producer (51.4% of the total), production was estimated at 3.7 million tons, with an increase of 19.7% compared to 2020. Rio Grande do Sul, the second largest producer (35.4% of the total), should produce 2.6 million tons, an increase of 22.1%.

The estimated production of oats was 994.9 thousand tons, an increase of 7.5% compared to 2020. Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná, the largest Brazilian cereal producers, estimate to produce 740.5 thousand tons and 186.7 thousand tons , respectively.

For barley, the estimate is 428.4 thousand tons, an increase of 7.9% in relation to the previous month, and growth of 13.1% in relation to the previous year. The largest producers of the cereal are Paraná, with 303.6 thousand tons, and Rio Grande do Sul, with 111.1 thousand tons, which together represent 96.8% of the national total.

By: Eliza Maliszewski | Agrolink

This text was automatically translated from Portuguese.