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Rice crop to total 11.6 million tons

Posted by Rafael Moro

Image: Pixabay

The 2020/21 rice harvest is expected to be 4% larger and add up to 11.63 million tons, in an area of ​​1,684 thousand hectares, an increase of 1.1% compared to the previous harvest. The national average productivity is 6,905 kg/ha, an increase of 2.9%. The data were recorded by the National Supply Company (Conab).

Harvesting began in March and is practically completed in producing states. This harvest, high grain prices motivated producers to invest in the crop

For the course of 2021, the perspective is to replenish carryover stocks, as a result of the projected retraction in consumption due to economic recovery estimates. Regarding the trade balance, the projection of high prices, added to the estimated strengthening of the national currency, will reduce the pace of exports identified in the 2019/20 harvest and the projection is that the country will sell 1.3 million tons in the 2020/21 harvest . Thus, the expectation is that the period ends with a mild surplus of 200 thousand tons in the grain trade balance, with imports of 1.1 million tons for the same period.

By regions

In the North Region, the forecast is for an increase in planted area of ​​2.0% compared to the previous crop, which may increase production, which is currently estimated at 1,054,300 tons (an increase of 6.3% compared to the previous crop). last). With this, the region should become the second largest national producer of rice, with the production of Tocantins being the main highlight.

In the state, first crop irrigated rice had average yields ranging from 90 to 120 bags/ha. There was a variation in productivity around 5.7% compared to the last crop, 2019/20. To achieve this variation, the producer invested in fertilization, the use of new varieties and improved crop management, all linked to good weather conditions, which contributed to the good development of the crop.

The negative highlight is in Mato Grosso. In the first harvest, especially in February and March, added to the inadequate handling for a high-tech package, it culminated in the occurrence of a high percentage of damaged grains and a number of non-standard whole grains, compared to the last harvests. Even so, the average yield obtained did not decrease, limiting the problems to the qualitative parameters, reaching 3,476 kg/ha, the result being even slightly higher than that recorded in the last harvest, largely due to the growing financial investments applied to the crop. With a sown area of ​​114 thousand hectares, harvested production was 396.3 thousand tons, and the entry of supply has pressured prices in the region of Sorriso and Sinop.

In Rio Grande do Sul, the main producer, the rice harvest is over. The weather conditions were ideal for the operations, as the volume of rain, although close to normal, was concentrated in a few episodes of great intensity. With this, the average productivity was kept the same as the previous survey, configuring this as the harvest with the highest productivity ever recorded. This is due to factors such as: good temperature and light conditions during the crop cycle, rotation with soybeans, sowing in the recommended period, elimination of marginal areas or areas heavily infested by invaders, in addition to the constant evolution of producers in terms of management and technologies.

By: Eliza Maliszewski | Agrolink

This text was automatically translated from Portuguese.